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Like every other part of your body, every vagina is different, they come in many different shapes and sizes and this is perfectly normal. The best thing to do is to get to know your vagina;

  1. Take out a mirror and look at yourself.
  2. See if you can recognise all the parts of your genitals - the outer lips, the inner lips, the clitoris, the hood, the entrance to vagina…
  3. Acknowledge that you may not be like the pictures in all the anatomy books but everyone is different. You are normal just the way you are.

Some Vagina Facts

  • The female genitalia consists of both internal and external organs. The internal genitalia include the vagina, uterus and ovaries. The external female genitalia are collectively described as the vulva.
  • During puberty the ovaries are stimulated to produce the hormone oestrogen, which causes women to grow breasts, pubic hair and eventually start their periods.
  • The ovaries contain hundreds of tiny sex cells, called eggs. Women are born with all the eggs they will ever have.
  • After the onset of puberty, one egg is usually released at approximately monthly intervals. This process is called ovulation.
  • Eggs are released until the woman reaches the menopause  For more information on the menopause, please click here.
  • The vulva includes the mons pubis, the clitoris, the labia majora and minora, the urethral opening and the vaginal opening.
  • The mons pubis is the fleshy mound over the pubic bone where pubic hair grows. It is one of the female erogenous zones.
  • The clitoris is the centre of female sexual excitement and contains more nerve endings than a penis.
  • Like the penis, the clitoris contains sponge-like cylinders that fill with blood during sexual arousal, causing it to swell and harden   THE FEMALE ORGASM
  • The size and shape of a woman's labia minora, or inner lips, can vary enormously. Some are small and tucked in while others are longer and protrude from the outer lips. They are rarely symmetrical. All shapes are normal.
  • The hymen is a thin piece of skin that partially covers the vaginal opening.
  • A torn hymen is not an indication of sexual activity; most are gone long before any such activity takes place. It can happen during childhood (from physical activity like climbing trees or cycling) or from inserting a tampon.

What is it?

The vagina is the passage connecting the internal reproductive organs (the bits inside your body that you need for having a baby) to the outside of your body. The genitals on the outside of your body are called the vulva.

What does it look like?

The vulva looks like a pair of fleshy lips between your legs. This is the outer labia and grows pubic hair after puberty. Inside is a pair of smaller lips called the inner labia. Between the inner labia is the clitoris, which looks like a tiny lump of flesh. Just below the clitoris is the hole connecting to the urethra, and below that is the opening of the vagina.

What does it do?

To have sexual intercourse a man inserts his penis inside a woman's vagina. At the end of pregnancy a baby leaves its mother's body through the vagina. Women urinate through the hole connecting to the urethra (the hole just above the vagina) which is a tube from the bladder.

How does it work?

  • The vagina is very stretchy. It will hold a tampon in place and it can also expand enough to allow a baby through.
  • When you become sexually aroused (turned on) your vagina produces fluids to make it easier for a man's penis to enter.
  • You may have a thin stretch of skin just inside your vagina called the hymen. This is likely to tear when you first have sex.
  • The vagina leads up inside your body to the cervix, which is the entrance to your womb where a baby will develop if you were to become pregnant.



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