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NHS St Helens and Knowsley Teaching Hospitals

Female Orgasm

 Content Editor

An orgasm (climax) is a very enjoyable release of built-up tension and energy, orgasms are different for everyone.

Some people describe the feelings as a tingle, whereas others describe explosive feelings all over the body. Everybody is different and so everybody will have different experiences!

After a woman becomes sexually aroused;

  • The hearts beats faster
  • The breathing gets quicker and heavier
  • Happy hormones, (like endorphins and oxytocin) are pumped around the brain and body
  • Blood is pumped to the genitals (including the clitoris which will swell a little making it more sensitive) creating tingles, tension and ultimately muscular spasms (where various muscles tighten all over the body). The grand finale is when the pelvic muscles contract
  • These vaginal changes are mainly a result of a rush of blood to the pelvic area (called engorgement) which generally provides a pleasurable warmth in the genital area
  • The breasts may enlarge a little with the nipples standing out a little more than usual
  • Some get people get a flush red on their face, neck and chest
  • The orgasm itself may last between 4 - 15 seconds                                                                  

Remember that everyone is different so you may not experience all of these things

An orgasm should not be the only reason for sex. It is possible to have great sex without an orgasm. It is fun - but intimacy, love, and feeling aroused are more important.

Some people find it difficult to reach orgasm through intercourse alone, some people can only climax through masturbation and some never experience an orgasm at all.

Some illnesses can make climaxing difficult, or you may find it a side effect of a particular medication.

Sometimes the problem can be physical or psychological, you may have worries about your body LINK TO BODY IMAGE or you may think sex has to be perfect and anything less will not do.

It could also be that a bad experience from your past is affecting you or you may have problems in your current relationship.

Seeing your GP, a counsellor or sex therapist may help you overcome any issues.

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