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Female Genital Mutilation
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) 
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure to deliberately remove the external female genitals. FGM is a form of child abuse. FGM is a harmful practice that isn't required by any religion and there are no religious texts that say it should be done. There are no health benefits of FGM.

It is estimated that around 65,000 girls are at risk of FGM in the UK. It mostly affects girls up to 15 years old. It is usually carried out without anaesthetic or consent. FGM can cause serious harm, including:
  • Constant pain
  • Pain and/or difficulty having sex
  • Repeated infections
  • Bleeding, cysts and abscesses
  • Infertility
  • Incontinence
  • Depression and self-harm
  • Life threatening problems during pregnancy and birth

The UK law

FGM is illegal in the UK. Anyone who performs FGM can face up to 14 years in prison and anyone guilty of failing to protect a girl from FGM can face up to seven years in prison. It is an offence to:
  • Perform FGM – in or outside the UK
  • Help a girl perform FGM on herself – in or outside the UK
  • Help anyone perform FGM in the UK
  • Help anyone perform FGM outside the UK on a UK national or resident
  • Fail to  protect a girl for whom you are responsible from FGM
  Help and Support If you feel that you or someone you know is at risk of FGM, you can:
  • Call 999 if someone is in immediate danger
  • Contact NSPCC helpline if you are concerned you or someone you know are at risk – 0800 0283550 or
  • Seek advice from NSPCC or a healthcare professional, if you are feeling pressured to have FGM performed on your daughter
If you've had FGM, you can get help from a healthcare professional. The closest FGM clinic is at Liverpool Women's Hospital. 

Liverpool Women's Hospital
  • Antenatal Clinic
  • Crown St
  • Liverpool L8 7SS
  • Clinic time: Mondays 9am and 1.30pm.
  • Tel No: 0151 702 4180 or
  • 0151 702 4178
  • Contact: Joanne Topping 

Read more about NHS Female genital Mutilation (FGM) 

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