U=U stands for Undetectable = Untransmittable. It means that someone with an undetectable HIV viral load on Antiretroviral treatment (ART cannot transmit HIV, even without using condoms or PrEP.
What does U=U involve?
This protection from ART depends on:
· Taking ART every day.
· Having undetectable viral load for at least 6 months.
· Continuing to take your meds every day.
How can U=U not be a risk?
The quick answer is when HIV viral load is undetectable there is too little virus in sexual fluids for an infection to occur. Any risk of sexual HIV transmission relates to viral load and being undetectable reduces this risk to zero.
For more information click here.
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