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Male Cancers

Penile cancer

Penile cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs on the skin of the penis or inside the penis. It is most common in men over 50.

Signs and symptoms of penile cancer include:

  • Foul smelling discharge
  • Growth or sore on the penis that doesn't heal within 4 weeks
  • Rash on the penis
  • Bleeding from the penis
  • Thickening of the skin on the penis or foreskin – this may make it difficult to pull the foreskin back
  • Change in the colour of the penis or foreskin

If you experience any of these symptoms, see your GP.

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a relatively rare form of cancer which mostly affects men aged between 15-49 years.

The Testicles

The testicles are two oval shaped male sex organs that are contained inside the scrotum, which hangs just below the penis. Testicles are an important part of the male reproductive system as they produce sperm and testosterone.

It is common for one testicle to be slightly larger and for one to hang lower than the other. They should both feel smooth, without any lumps or bumps, and feel firm but not hard. It is normal for some men to feel a soft tube at the back of each testicle, this tube is called the epididymis. This tube can become inflamed which can lead to pain and swelling in the testicles. The is known as epididymitis.

It is important to check the testicles regularly and to know what is normal for you. It is important to see your GP If you notice any changes.

The best time to check your testicles is during, or right after, a warm bath or shower, when the scrotal skin is relaxed. Hold your scrotum in the palm of your hand, and use your fingers and thumb to examine each testicle.

Changes to look for:

  • Lumps (of any size)
  • Changes in shape
  • Change in texture
  • Dull ache or sharp pain in the testicles and/or scrotum
  • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

Although most changes will not be anything to worry about, these could be signs of testicular cancer. Further symptoms of testicular cancer can also include:

  • a persistent cough
  • coughing or spitting up blood
  • shortness of breath
  • swelling and enlargement of male breasts
  • a lump or swelling in your neck
  • lower back pain

Read more on testicular cancer.


Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK, with over 40,000 men diagnosed each year. As prostate cancer develops slowly, there may be no symptoms for years. Symptoms can include increases need to urinate, straining with urinating and a feeling that the bladder is not fully emptied.

Read more about Prostate problems


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